Fuerteventura is one of the 7 volcanic islands of the Canarian archipelago; the entire island was declared an UNESCO biosphere reserve, in 2007. The island has a population of 107.367 people. From a geological perspective, it’s the oldest and most arid of the islands and is characterized by a lack of vegetation, as well as being the closest island to the African coast (97 km). Its coast has a length of 326 km, 77 of which are composed of beaches. The average air temperature, throughout the year, is 20ºC, with very little variation between summer (24ºC) and winter (18ºC).